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Single photon detection refers to the ability to detect individual photons. This advanced technology plays a crucial role in various fields. Single photon detectors are designed to have extremely high sensitivity and low noise levels to reliably detect and measure the arrival of a single photon. They operate based on different principles, such as avalanche photodiodes, superconducting nanowires, or single photon counting techniques. Single photon detection allows researchers to explore the quantum properties of light, such as superposition and entanglement. By capturing and analysing individual photons, single photon detection opens up new possibilities for advancing our understanding of quantum physics and developing practical quantum technologies.